Many of us are paralyzed by the job of planning for an emergency. It’s hard to plan for the unknown.
But stockpiling food and water is like buying insurance: Your household may never face a devastating natural disaster or pandemic — but if it does, and you are unable to get to a store, a cache of food and water and other supplies may prove priceless.
So, if you have been procrastinating — perhaps while watching news of the spreading coronavirus — it’s time to get on it. Following are some pointers to help you jump-start the process of building an emergency stockpile for your home.
If you’re preparing for a possible evacuation, also check out “How to Prepare for an Emergency in 10 Steps.”
- Set a goal and get started
How much do you want to store? Should you aim for three days’ worth of supplies? Or enough for three months? Advice varies, depending on the kind of emergency that is most likely to strike where you live, and how long you anticipate being cut off from supplies.
At very least, the Department of Homeland Security recommends you have a basic emergency supply kit that includes enough food and water for each of your household members for at least 72 hours.
Other supplies on their list include a flashlight, battery-powered or hand-cranked radio and basic first-aid supplies.
For an all-in-one shortcut, you can order 3-Day Emergency Preparedness Kits and other emergency supplies from the American Red Cross. You can also find emergency and survival kits galore on Amazon.
But you can be much more secure in a crisis if you go beyond the bare minimum of 72 hours. Once you hit that goal, move the goalposts to one or two weeks. Keep it up until you’ve reached your ultimate goal.
- Prioritize water and store it safely
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends storing 1 gallon per day for each person and each pet, and recommends creating a two-week supply if possible.
“Unopened commercially bottled water is the safest and most reliable emergency water supply,” according to the CDC.
Alternatively, you can store tap water in your own containers.
Either way, make sure to observe safety measures the CDC recommends:
If you use store-bought water, check expiration dates and replace accordingly.
Replace water you’ve stored yourself every six months.
Keep a bottle of unscented liquid chlorine bleach with your emergency supplies for cleaning and sanitizing and for disinfecting water.
Don’t use bleach with color-safe or cleaning additives. Look for a label that says the product is safe for disinfecting water.
- Buy in bulk
To stockpile affordably — especially if you have a large household or want a long-lasting stockpile — buy what you can in bulk.
If you don’t belong to a warehouse club, see what foods your local Walmart sells in economy sizes — such as a 4-pound jar of peanut butter for about $5 — or check out the many foods that Amazon sells in bulk sizes.
- Invest in nutritional and tasty foods
Eating from a stockpile can get boring. Real Simple lists foods that not only need no cooking and are nutritionally dense but also are tasty. They include:
Whole wheat crackers (consider vacuum packing to prolong freshness)
Nuts and trail mix
Cereal (individually packaged to prolong freshness)
Power bars and granola bars
Canned meat such as tuna, salmon, chicken and turkey
Canned vegetables such as beans, carrots and peas
Canned soups and chili
Sports drinks (avoid ones laden with sugar and artificial color)
Sugar, salt and pepper
Remember to pack a can opener.
- Include seeds for sprouting
Vegetable, nut and grain seeds for sprouting are a good addition to your stockpile.
Snapguide tells how to grow vegetable sprouts in a Mason jar. Vegetarian Times lists grains and nuts that make good sprouts, and tells how to safely make and consume sprouts, avoiding bacteria.
- Stock up on longer-lasting fresh items when possible
If you see trouble coming and are able to buy fresh foods, Real Simple recommends items that can last for weeks or even months if stored properly, such as:
Winter squashes such as acorn squash
Potatoes and yams
- Rotate food rations
To make sure your stored food is safe and nutritious when you need it, check the remaining shelf life of each item periodically. Rotate foods near the end of their shelf life by using them in your kitchen; then add fresh supplies to the stockpile.